什么是物理计算(Physical Computing)?(中文翻译)

What Is Physical Computing?

Physical Computing is an approach to learning how humans communicate through computers that starts by considering how humans express themselves physically.A lot of beginning computer interface design instruction takes the computer hardware for given — namely, that there is a keyboard, a screen, perhaps speakers, and a mouse — and concentrates on teaching the software necessary to design within those boundaries. In physical computing, we take the human body as a given, and attempt to design within the limits of its expression.

物理计算是一种人类通过计算机描述自身的途径。起初接入计算机的硬件被设计成——如,键盘,屏幕,扬声器,和鼠标——由于集中于教学软件而限定在这些范围里。而在物理计算中,我们以尽可能接近人体极限的方式来进行设计。

This means that we have to learn how a computer converts the changes in energy given off by our bodies, in the form of heat, light, sound, and so forth, into changing electronic signals that it can read interpret. We learn about the sensors that do this, and about very simple computers, called microcontrollers, that read sensors and convert their output into data. Finally, we learn how microcontrollers communicate with other computers.

这就意味着,我们不得不学习一台计算机是如何通过改变电信号转化我们身体感受到的热、光等形式的能量变化,进而进行阅读理解。我们通过能够读取传感器和转化输出为数据的非常简单的微控制器来学习这些。最后,我们学习微控制器是如何与其它计算机进行通信的。

Physical computing takes a hands-on approach, which means that you spend a lot of time building circuits, soldering, writing programs, building structures to hold sensors and controls, and figuring out how best to make all of these things relate to a person’s expression.

物理计算需要动手操作,这意味着你需要花费很多时间去搭建电路,进行焊接,编写程序,设计能够控制和维持传感器的结构,并且找出如何最佳的把这些东西和人的感知联系起来。

 

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